UUttarakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, is a state within the northern part of India. It is sometimes called the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) because of the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found through the entire state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is renowned for its natural splendor of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, using a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the greatest city in the area, which is a railhead. The high court of the state is within Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the presence of humans in the area since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas inside the 2nd century BCE who practised an earlier type of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the early presence of Buddhism in this area. Through the medieval period the area was consolidated under the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the area fell towards the Gurkha Empire of Nepal with the conclusion in the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded for the British included in the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though erstwhile hill kingdoms of explore uttarakhand devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of different neighbouring ethnic groups and also the inseparable and complementary nature of the geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened during the movement for statehood inside the 1990s.
The natives of the state are generally called either Garhwali or Kumaoni based on their host to origin. According to the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,116,752, which makes it the 19th most populous state in India. A large part of the population consists of Rajputs and Brahmins. A lot more than 88% in the population follow Hinduism. Muslims would be the largest minority within the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being one other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni as well as other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are definitely the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is easily the most widely spoken language. Uttarakhand will be the only state in India with Sanskrit as one of its official languages.
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Both of these along with Badrinath and Kedarnath make up the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. Their state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park in the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site located in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is renowned for the variety and rarity of its flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further separated into sub-divisions, which are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Based on the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are the most populous districts, all of them using a population of more than a million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate as this land has, since olden days, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It really has been home to legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land from the gods has several sites that link it to the Ramayana as well as the Mahabharata. The great Dronacharya meditated on the banks in the Tonnes river inside the Doon valley as the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is additionally believed to be lokpal, a location existing from the times during the Ramayana. It is said that lokpal was the place where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has become related to lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman and his awesome attachment using this place. Additionally it is thought that lakshman meditated from this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Including the Ganga, which has been an integral part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness as it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself appears to be in deep meditation during these two sacred cities